Data hk refers to information that can be used to uniquely identify an individual, such as their name, address, date of birth and medical records. Additionally, this may also include online behavior or financial transactions data collected by businesses for improving services as well as marketing or advertising purposes; however this type of data hk does not cover legal entities like companies and organizations.

Hong Kong’s Personal Data Protection Ordinance (PDPO) governs the collection and usage of personal data. It establishes rights for individuals while outlining specific obligations on data controllers; as well as six data protection principles to govern collection, processing, holding and usage. PDPO was first implemented in 1996 with several amendments later made – most recently in 2021.

One of the hallmarks of the PDPO is its definition of personal data. Under its guidelines, personal data refers to any information which identifies an identifiable living individual that can be used to locate them – be it hard copy or electronic. The lawful purpose and proportionality requirements stipulated in PDPO stipulate that processing must not exceed these limits.

However, there are exceptions to these restrictions; such as in cases relating to crime prevention/detection/assessment/collection of any tax/duties due or assessed; personal data disclosure for news activities; or when data is necessary for establishing exercising or defending legal rights in Hong Kong. According to PDPO requirements a data controller should inform individuals about their purpose for collecting personal data and obtain consent where applicable.

Hong Kong boasts not only an extensive statutory data protection regime, but also various additional laws designed to safeguard personal information. These include the Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA), which regulates public authorities’ collection and use of personal data; as well as the Privacy Commissioner’s Office which investigates complaints and makes recommendations regarding data protection matters. Under PDPA regulations companies that process personal data must establish a privacy management system and offer training sessions regarding the Act’s requirements.

The Personal Data Protection Act of Hong Kong is widely considered one of the world’s most advanced data protection laws and serves as an inspiration for similar regulations in other nations – particularly EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Unfortunately, however, some companies are refusing to do business in Hong Kong due to its stringency; this has had a serious impact on Hong Kong’s economy. With that being said, an upcoming review of Hong Kong’s data protection laws should bring changes more in line with leading global jurisdictions while protecting Hong Kong residents’ interests at once more.